For a large country like India, no two or three political parties can represent the interests and aspirations of the people. Each state has a different problem. The problems in North East are different from the rest of the country. The aspirations of the people of the South are different from those of the North. The states where the regional parties are dominant have economically progressed much better than the states where there are no regional parties. For example, Punjab, Haryana, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Goa, Maharashtra, where the regional parties are dominant, have shown better results than other states. This itself shows that there is need for one or two regional parties in every state. Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan would do better in every field, if they had strong regional parties
Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have not achieved much progress, even though they have regional parties. This is because of their size. The population of Uttar Pradesh which is about 180 million is two times the population of Vietnam (85 million people), which is the13th largest country in the world. If Uttar Pradesh is bifurcated into 5 states of 35 million people each, it will progress faster than at present. Punjab and Haryana became rich states after the composite state of Punjab was divided into Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Similarly Bihar needs to be divided into 2 or 3 states. If divided, the divided states would progress faster.