In terms of population, India is the second largest country in the world, accounting for over 17% of total population. Every sixth person in the world is an Indian. In PPP terms, India is among the top 5 largest economies in the world. Militarily also, it is strong with large army, air force and navy. India has expressed its desire for permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). It has also undertaken sufficient canvassing. Still there is no sign of India becoming a permanent member of UNSC in the near future. It is time for India to consider whether it should continue to be a member of the UN.
India does not lose anything by ceasing to be a member of UN. Switzerland, which hosts several UN and inter-governmental organizations, was not a member of UN till 2002.
At present, the Chief Ministers of Indian states (within their respective states) and Cabinet Ministers of the Union are ranked 7th in the order of precedence. Chief Ministers outside their respective states are ranked 8th, below that of Cabinet Ministers of the Union. Some of the states in India are very large. The state of Uttar Pradesh has a population of nearly 200 million. If it is a separate country, it would be the 5th or 6th largest country in the world. It is unfair to relegate the chief representatives of states, particularly of large states, to 7th or 8th place in the order of precedence. Every year the Chief Ministers of one fifth of the states could by rotation be made the ex-officio Deputy Prime Ministers of the country and placed at 5th position in the order of precedence. In Czechoslovakia, the Chief Ministers of the two federating states were ex-officio Deputy Prime Ministers. Making the Chief Ministers, ex-officio Deputy Prime Ministers will also strengthen centre-state relations.