India claims to have brought in green revolution. The green revolution is reported to have been brought mainly by introduction of high yielding and drought resistant varieties and increased use of chemical fertilizers. It is a fact that more than anything, for increasing production irrigation is required. India has failed to provide irrigation to the extent possible. Rainfall in India is neither low nor high, over large parts of the country. Comparison between India and China shows, how India is failing in agricultural production and yield.
|Cereals||86,060 000||457 443 000||5.31||99 472 000||260 480 000||2.62|
|Pulses||2 884 000||3 777 000||1.31||23 200 000||14 170 000||0.61|
|Oil crop||28 962 000||14 955 000||0.52||39 193 000||12 019 000||0.31|
|1 813 000||115 363 000||63.63||4 900 000||355 520 000||72.56|
|Vegetables||23 717 000||451 633 000||19.04||5 905 000||77 243 000||13.08|
|Vegetables||–||102 405 000||–||–||57 456 000||–|
Except in sugarcane, yield is much lower in India than in China. Government has to take urgent action to increase the irrigation facilities by digging new lakes, deepening existing lakes, connecting rivers with lakes, linking rivers wherever possible, draining rainwater into the nearby lakes and harvesting rain water etc. If these are done, there is no need to subsidize sale of fertilizers, electric power supply for pump sets etc. as increase in yield will take care of the higher costs of fertilizers, power etc.
Introduction of courses on water management in all major universities could be considered.