In India, particularly in the southern states, there is an acute shortage of skilled and unskilled manpower in every sector of the economy.
To overcome the labour shortage in the agricultural and plantation sector, the following steps could be taken
- the private sector, for various reasons is not yet ready to buy all the available and required agricultural machinery and rent them to interested farmers. Hence, the Engineering division of the departments of agriculture and horticulture should acquire the machinery and rent them to farmers.
- The engineering division should demonstrate the use of machinery
- Initially, for a period of 2-3 years, the government should provide subsidy to the private individuals to buy agricultural machinery
To overcome labour shortage in the industrial sector
- the government should stop encouraging labour intensive handloom sector and start encouraging power loom and mill sector
- exemptions from/concessions in excise and other duties for cottage, labour intensive sectors should be discontinued and mechanization should be encouraged by extending assistance to these sectors to buy machineries
To provide manpower for the service sector
- The departments of labour and employment should organize short term 3-6 month duration courses in trades like electricians, plumbers, carpenters, mechanics for automobiles, pumpsets, household equipments like televisions, refrigerators, air-conditioners etc and the trainees should be assisted to set up their own services.
- Pre-fabricated houses may be encouraged.
- In the transport sector, public transport drivers may be given additional responsibility of issuing tickets, thereby dispensing with the services of conductor.
- Tea, coffee, fruit juices, snacks etc. vending machines may be popularized and business people may be assisted to acquire these.
Law and order may be enforced in such a way, that there would be less need for watchmen/security guards.