Food Security-production of food grains should increase

26/08/2013

Food Security is wrongly understood by planners. Food security means keeping adequate stock of food grains in the market. While countries where climatic and other conditions are not favourable for agriculture, the governments should ensure adequate stock in the market by facilitating or directly importing food grains. In countries like India food security means facilitating production of adequate food grains by making farming a profitable profession i.e. by ensuring fair prices for agricultural produce. At the same time government should ensure work with fair wages for all adult people. Even the disabled should do jobs according to their ability. The only fields where government should provide services free of cost or at subsidized rates are health and education. This is because, these services at times can become unaffordable for people.Food grains need not be supplied at subsidised rates.

Economy can grow only when the production of goods and services grow. This can happen only when all adults work.


WORK FORCE-should go up

15/08/2013

In the past -in 50s and 60s,the minimum qualification required for admission to most of the trades in Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) is pass in 8th Class, while at present only for a very few-one or two-courses the minimum qualification required is 8th Class, while for the rest, it is 10th class. Similarly one could go for Teachers Training course after passing 8th class, to be able to teach in primary schools, while at present it is pass in 12th class. With a view to bring more people to work force, government should reduce minimum qualification required for admission to ITIs and Teachers’ Training Institutes to 8th class. This will make workers/teachers available for work for longer periods

Similarly, there was a category of doctors who spent just 3 years after school education to become doctors. This course would be revived.

The school education now consists of 5 years of primary education, 3 years higher elementary education,2 years high school and 2 years higher secondary school education, making a total of 12 years. This can be reduced initially to 11 years and later to 10 years. One should go for university education- degree course in Arts, science, medicine etc after completing 10 years of school education. Thls will make available to the country about 10% additional work force.

In India, life expectancy at birth has increased to about 67 years now (2011)from around 32 in 1951. Correspondingly the retirement age should also go up. government should increase retirement age to 65.This alone will increase the strength of the work force by about 10% – 15%