Life Expectancy at birth in India increased from 58.5 years in 1990 to 64.19years in 2010 but it is still below the world average of 67.88 years, according to UN POPULATION PROSPECTS 2010. India ranks 146th among 198 years.All the neighbouring countries have higher life expectancy than India as seen below.
Sri Lanka 74.25
Japan with life expectancy of 82.73 years ranks no.1.Life expectancy depends on diet, medical facilities, accidents, climatic conditions etc. The fact that some people in India live upto 100 years shows that climatic conditions are alright in India.
India’s per capita production/ availability of food grains is only around 200 kg per year (260 million MT for 1270 million people) while the world average producion is over 350 kg/per head/per year. India should stop thinking that it is surplus in food grain production.
Though India has excellent medical facilities in several cities,the overall expenditure on health in India is only around 4% of GDP while Sri Lanka and Maldives spend around 8% of their GDP on health. Japan and other developed countries spend around 10% of their GDP on health.It is to be noted that per capita GDP in India being lower than than in Sri Lanka and Maldives(less than half), in absolute terms expenditure on health per person in India is very very low.
If life expectancy at birth in India is to go up substantially, food grain production should increase and per capita expenditure on health should increase significantly.
Recently there were moderate to heavy rains in certain parts of Tamilnadu but in certain other parts like in many places in Dharmapuri district there were no rains. Hewever, one could see clouds every day. There are general theories on how clouds are formed and how it rains.
Cloud seeding is done by many countries including India for inducing rainfall. Now what is required is research on reducing the cost of cloud seeding.
There is also need for research on rainfall when there are no clouds over the area where rain is desired. There should be research on moving rain bearing clouds from where ever they are to where ever rain is required. The cost should be affordable. There are generally more clouds over sea than over land and rain is more required over land than over sea. During day time winds blow from sea to land and vice-versa during night time. But this does not happen some times and rain bearing clouds are not moved by winds to land during day time. Now the research should be on moving clouds from over sea to land at affordable cost.If the cost is affordable, then the clouds can be moved also from places where the rain is causing floods to dry areas. Considering the amount of time,energy, money needed to mitigate the effects and contain damages of heavy floods, expenditure on research on moving clouds is worth spending.
Excepts from “Simple Alternate Development Strategy’
Export of Capital:
India should be a leading exporter of capital, because the basic requirements of the country are less than in several other countries, particularly those of the developed countries. For example, countries in Europe, North America, Japan, China, Korea etc , being cold for most part of the year, require houses to be centrally heated; the buses, trams and trains need to be heated; the people require hot (and cold) water in pipes , throughout day and night; they want warm clothings in addition to the normal clothing used in hot countries; people need heavy shoes, socks, gloves etc.; they need carpets for the floor and heavy fabrics for the curtains; people need heavy quilts and thicks mattresses; the windows need double glasses; there is need for two types of tyres for the vehicles-one for summer and one for winter; the people need summer shoes as well as winter or snow shoes; they need more meat and other food. Consequently, their expenditure on livelihood is more. The savings are therefore less. Similarly in West Asia, the houses need to be centrally air-conditioned; buses, trains and trams need to be air-conditioned. In India, in most parts of the country the above facilities and materials are not required which means that there would be less expenditure and consequently more savings and thus India should be a capital surplus and capital exporting country in stead of capital importing country. Indians should be investing in all over the world and not as at present people from all over the world coming to invest in India. India could become a capital exporting country through the strategy of starting with the development of irrigation facilities.
Indians at present go to foreign countries, in majority of the cases for doing low paid jobs. But when India becomes an exporter of capital, Indians would still to go foreign countries for jobs, but these jobs will be highly paid and highly respected ones.
Indian companies will not talk of collaboration for operations in India with “Fortune 500” companies, but will be talking of being at the top of the list of “Fortune 50” companies and seeking avenues to invest in foreign countries.
Total world production of cereals increased from 2353 million MT in 2007 to 2566 million MT in 2012 i.e by 9.1% in 5 years while the population during this period went up by around 6% only. Thus the per capita availability has gone up. What is more important is that in the food deficit Africa the growth rates of food prouction are higher than the world average growth rates.In Africa the increase in cereal production is 25.2% and in roots and tubers 26.4%. Similarly there is considerable increase of around 15% in production of vegetables, fruits, eggs, meat and milk. To sustain this increase, expansion of irrigation is important. Construction of dams, lakes, digging of canals, diversion of rivers should be given priority. Simultaneously micro irrigation like drip and sprinkler irrigation should also be undertaken.
The current per capita production of cereals at 350 kg per year is more than sufficient. The surplus will become more pronounced if feeding animals with cereals is reduced and fodder production is increased.
Enough food grains are produced. Giving buying power to the people will ensure food security.
There are separate clinics for medical treatment of Central government employees in large cities like Delhi,Mumbai, Kolkatta, Chdocennai etc.If the illness requires hospitalisation or if the doctors at the clinic are unable to handle the treatment, the patients are referred to government hospitals and if these hospitals also cannot treat the patients, they are referred to private hospitals which have the facilities for treatment, even if they are expensive and outside the place of residence of patients. The cost of treatment at private hospital is borne by the government.
Similarly when a local government hospital is unable to treat common man’s illness, the patient should be referred to government hospital or private hospital and the entire expenditure should be met by the government. No certificate of income should be asked for. The fact that the patient did not go direct to private hospital but came to local government hospital is shows that the patient needs govermment assistance. This if one of the most required welfare measure which the government should extend to the people.