Being part of the society, the political and bureaucratic functionaries have the same level of honesty, integrity, efficiency, devotion to duty etc. as the common people of the society. The common person in general is honest only because he/she has no opportunity to be corrupt. When he/she has the opportunity to be corrupt, he will almost definitely extract bribes by any way. The example is the opportunity for the common people to vote, for which bribe is reported to be demanded/accepted. So, if the corruption in government is to be eliminated, the society should first be made honest. But this is not easy.
But corruption cannot be allowed to be continued. The situation of absence of corruption can be achieved only by eliminating apportunities for corruption. For this, there is need to amend the rules and procedures. For example, in all the cases, single window system should be adopted. This means, the applicants for licences, approvals etc. need to apply only to one authority. This authority should seek “no objection certificates” from others wherever necessary. Again the denials/delays in extending services should be explained by the concerned authorities to their seniors and to the applicants or their nominees. All communications between he authorities and the applicants should be through mail/email so that the chances of authorities asking bribe from applicants are eliminated/reduced. Government should also in most cases accerpt affidavits and undertakings from applicants instead of asking for proofs and certificates from various other authorities.
The system of rewarding employees in a routine manner should be replaced with merit system. No employee should be given increments and promotions unless he does good work and is honest. Promotions should not be on the bassis of seniority but on the considerations of merit and honesty.
If the above changes are made in the rules and procedures, corruiption can be eliminated to a large extent.