India to be a developed country

20/09/2015

If India is to be a developed country in the world,

i.every able bodied person should be assured of employment;

ii.everyone should have enough to eat; not only cereals, but also vegetables, fruits, meat, milk, eggs, as also tea, coffee and other beverages and there should be no beggars;

iii.everyone should have sufficient clothing, spacious and comfortable houses with all the required furniture and furnishing, adequate and suitable means of transport and also all the gadgets which make life easy;

iv.literacy rate should be 100%;

v.people should enjoy leisure;

vi.people should not quarrel over petty things;

vii.arts and literature should flourish;

viii.there should be no distinction between one person and another person

ix. everyoe should likes the other

x.people should not quarrel over petty things;

xi.crime rate should be very low;

xii.its citizens should be proud of their country

xiii.there should be no secessionist demands;

xiv. there should be no communal and caste conflicts;

xv.there should be adequate social security measures;

xvi.its citizens are respected all over the world;

xvii.Indian companies should export technology as well as capital to other countries in large measure;

xviii.its volume of trade should be very high and consequenly it is in a position to influence the world trade policies;

xix.its citizens are knownfor inventions and are among the largest scientific and technological awar winners;

xx.its currency should be strong and freely convertible and should be the most sought after currency

xxi.it should be among those that decide the course of events in the world

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Language problems in India and solution for the same.

12/09/2015

Prime Minister of India, Mr. Narendra Modi has announced a few schemes for the welfare and development of the people. These are all named in Hindi language. Unfortunately, most of the English and regional language newspapers report the name of the scheme only in Hindi and not in English/regional languages. This not only annoys the non-Hindi people but also hurts their pride. If PM does not like to use English language for the names of the schemes, these should be translated into all the languages of the country and these translations should be provided to the newspapers, TV channels and other media.Better will be to announce original name of one scheme in Hindi, another scheme in Tamil, another one in Bengali, another one in Telugu, another one in Kannada, another one in Marathi, another one in Gujarathi etc. Some of the Indo-Aryan language(Marathi, Gujarathi, Bengali, Oriya etc ) speakers. may not mind much as the Hindi names may not be much different from their language names, but Dravidian languages speakers my mind Hindi being used for names of all schemes.

Coming to the languages for conducting official business of the country, it is ideal to use local languages for communication, for keeping records etc, in all government offices, both central and state. This of course will mean that an officer not knowing the local language cannot be posted to that state. All lower posts upto the level of a Class I officer can be filled up by local people. Senior officers to be posted to offices outside their states may be asked to learn the language just as IAS, IPS officers are asked to learn the language of the states to which they are posted. Communication between states and headquarters(New Delhi) can be in English or Hindi according to the choice of the officers.

As regards the proposal of the central government to the United Nations to make Hindi as one of the official languages of UN, it must be said that it is a reasonable one, considering the fact that languages spoken by lesser number of people than Hindi like Russian, French and may be Arabic also are already UN official languages. However, Hindi should not be projected as the sole language of India, but as one of the official languages of India, spoken by a large number of people.


Integrating old system with the modern government machinery

07/09/2015

The old system of village elders dispensing justice should be integrated with the present day judiciary by introducing jury system. Similarly the services of village elders in the matter of administration of the village should be integrated with the current village administrative system by appointing honorary village munsifs(village administrative officers) and kanakkapillais who used to do the surveying work. The local people should be used extensively in maintaining law and order. Home Guards and Honorary Police officials should form part of the local Police. Village elders should also be involved in maintaining water bodies, augmenting supplies by judically draining rainwater into the water bodies like lakes and rivers, and releasing water for irrigation. People should be actively associated with new projects like production and supply of biogas on cooperative basis, generation of electricity from wastes etc. In short village people and elders should be associated with the activities of the government right from the planning stage. Partly, this will mean more and wider powers for the village panchayats.


Use of fertilizers in India and quantum of yield

07/09/2015

In India, there is a lot of writing against use of fertilizers in agriculture because if their harmful effects on human body. But the fact is that fertilizers usage in India is low at less than 200kg per hectare per year, while in countries like Vietnam, South Korea and China it is about 300kg or more/ha/year. In a few countries, the usage is as much as 500kg/ha/year. In Africa the usage is very low, but larger usage is being encouraged. While fertilizers are being used in Europe and USA for several years, in India, large scale usage of fertilizers is only of recent phenomenon. Because of low consumption of fertilizers in India,the yield of various crops is low compared to developed countries.While China produces more than 500 million MT of cereals on less than 100 million ha, India produces less than 300 million MT in more than 100 million ha.

In this context, it is relevant to note that the human body is made up of oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. potassium, sulfur, sodium, chlorine, and magnesium. All these are necessary to life.Inorganic fertilizers also contain usually more or less same chemicals like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NKP) calcium, sulphur, magnesium etc.

So it is necessary to have more research on whetheruse of chemical fertilizers are really harmful to human body and if so how much or whether human body can get used to taking food grains etc. grown with the use of fertilizers. On the basis of the results of the research,
the use of fertilizers can be increased or decreased.


Social Justice and slower economic growth

06/09/2015

To bring about social justice, the admission in technical, medical and other scientific institutions of brilliant students belonging to “forward” communities is restricted, so as to provide admission for “backward” community students. This leads to curtailing opportunities for brilliant forward community students to contribute to the scientific and technological development of the country and this in turn leads to slower economic growth. As both social justice and technological/scientific/economic development are important, the intake in the prestigious institutes should be increased so as to ensure that brilliant students are not denied admission.

Similarly in employment in government, the recruitment should be enlarged so as to see that all meritorius candidates(forward or backward classes) are recruited. Promotions should not be given routinely even if it is to meet social justice.The candidates have to be made to earn the promotion(and even increments)by good work, both qualitatively and quantitatively.