Priority should be to prevent crimes rather than punishing the criminals


Governments both at the Centre and the States,( present as well as the past) seem to be keen on finding and punishing those who commit the crimes rather than preventing people from committing crimes. River sand is in short supply. Builders, large and small want sand. They indulge in corruption. What the government should have done is to find alternate material for sand. Research should have been undertaken to make sea sand usable in construction of buildings. Wood is required for buildings and for many other purposes. Government should offer incentives and encourage people to grow a large number of trees. Government could remove restrictions on cutting wood from owned lands and the crime of cutting trees could be prevented. Government should deploy officials for going through the advertisements in the newspapers, TV , etc which are meant for cheating people by offering impracticable  benefits. lucrative employment and employment in foreign countries etc. and prevent them from cheating people  instead of waiting for victims to make complaints. Government should organize self help groups to go round villages and towns during day time and night time to ensure that no thefts or sexual violence takes place instead of waiting for victims to complain



Employment for all


The most important issue to be tackled urgently is unemployment. Government should ensure jobs for all willing and able bodied persons. Even the old, handicapped etc should also have jobs according to their ability. Government alone cannot create adequate number of jobs. So, the government should think of extending subsidies to private sector  employers  who create a large number of jobs. The employers’ contribution in this regard should be recognized suitably by giving honorary titles and some privileges. This will act as incentive to employers  to set up employment providing establishments.

It is easier to create jobs in developing countries like India where there is scope for laying railway lines, roads, bridges, canals, telephone cables and towers, etc.

Use/Better use of seas and shores


There are only a few land lacked countries in the world. Most of the countries have sea coasts. In order to better use the seas and shores,Research institutes should be set up in large countries like India, Brazil, Russia, China, USA, Canada, Australia, Indonesia etc. Some of the institutes can be for:

1.use of waves for generating electricity

2.exploitation of minerals including fuel from sea bed

3. evolving  of sea salt tolerant vegetable plants, fruit trees and even cereals

4. use of sea sand in construction of buildings by modifying the characteristics of sand

5.extraction of minerals like ilmenite, rutile etc from sand

6.better harvest of fish etc

7.cheaper methods of desalination of sea water for use as drinking water, water for irrigation etc.

8.draining of  purified drainage water into the seas

9. better use for transportation of passengers as well as freight

10.better use as tourist resorts.lopment

For a country to sustain development, it is necessary to use all available resources particularly those that are renewable.



Adoption of Alternate Strategy by a state alone-cashless transactions


Extracts from Simple Alternate Development Strategy  -1997′

“The alternate strategy involves printing of currency notes and this is under the purview of the central government,  A question will therefore arise as to how a state government can adopt  this strategy without the central government’s involvement. This is not difficult. The state government can sanction loans to a farmer for digging wells and pay the amount by tokens which can be made legal tender. The farmer can pay the workers employed by him  with these tokens and the workers can buy their requirements from the shops with tokens and the shopkeepers can pay taxes, electricity bills, water bills etc to the government with these tokens. At other level, the, the state government can sanction loans to the farmers for digging wells and credit the  loan amounts to accounts of  the farmers in a state financial institution. The farmers  can pay the workers  with a slip/chit/cheque and these amounts could be credited to the workers’ accounts in the institution. The workers can pay the shopkeepers for their requirements like food grains, clothing, footwear etc by slips/cheques. There can be settlement of accounts in the financial institutions once in a week or two weeks or a month.  ”

The above extract, though about improving agriculture and overall economy, describes the possible operation of cashless economy

Need for guidelines on salaries,wages, working hours etc.


In the last little over 20 years, the governments both at the centre and states have increased the salaries of their employees so much that private sector employers are unable to pay even 50% of government salaries. The result is that highly educated candidates with degrees like M.E., M.Phil are sitting for competitive exams for the posts of Village Administrative Officers, Constables, Junior Assistants etc. for which the minimum qualification required is pass in 10th/12th Class.  This means that these candidates have wasted their time and money. Each vacancy in government service attracts, 200-300  candidates.

Again for equal  work, pay is unequal between govt and private sectors. For example elementary school teacher is paid around Rs.25000/- per month in the government schools while in private schools, they are paid around Rs.5000-6000/ p.m. and the private schools are unable to pay more. To more or less equalise the salaries in government/private schools, govt. should freeze the salaries in govt.sector and allow private sector to increase the tuition fee on the condition that they should pay higher salaries. Some sort of subsidy could also be considered.if it is considered not desirable to increase tuition fees.

There is also vast difference in the salaries in the organized sector and unorganized sector in private industry and business establishments. This also needs to be minimised.

The governments should therefore issue guidelines (not enforceable orders) to the private sector on salaries. For example. governments, taking into considerations its own level of salaries may suggest salaries of persons with +2 qualifications as Rs.15000, degree holders as Rs.20000/,  ITI qualification as Rs.16000, diploma holders as Rs.18000 etc. Employers should of course be free to pay more or slightly less.





Neither money nor manpower should remain idle.


A country develops when its capital and manpower are  fully utilised. In the past there was shortage of capital and it was utilized fully. However, black money was remaining mostly idle. Manpower was not fully used as there were not many avenues for employment. The best thing to have been done is allow black money holders to bring out the black money with some assurances and some concessions and encouragement. If this had been done there would have been no need to resort to demonetization.

Now what is to be done is to ensure that black money is not created by reducing corporate tax. Income tax rates are already low, compared to rates in many of the developed countries.