More industrialists should be given Padma Awards.


Perusal of the list of 2017 Padma Award Winners shows that there is only one awardee in the field of Trade and Industry among the 89 awardees. This does not appear to be just and fair to the Trade & Industry sector, considering their huge contribution to the country’s economic development, employment generation etc. About 8-10% share for this sector would encourage them to contribute more to the socio economic development. Similarly to appreciate the role of spiritualism in shaping the values of the society and in recognition of the importance of spiritualism in the life of an individual, more holy people should be awarded Padma Awards, though they do not aspire for any award.

The Awardees should have some privileges and immunities.

Jallikattu- what Tamilnadu MPs could have done


One or some of the Members of Parliament from Tamilnadu could have introduced Private Member Bill in Parliament to amend the Act (under which Jallikattu is barred) to exempt Jallikattu from being barred. This could have made the Minister  to request the MP/MPs to withdraw the bill assuring the Member/s that Govt would itself bring the bill to amend the Act. Even if this has not come about, the issue could have drawn attention of MPs of other states some of whom might have supported the amendment. A solution could have been found by this time if action had been taken a year earlier.

Separately the state should set up an expert committee to recommend which of the subjects in the Concurrent List and Union List could be transferred to State List. Prevention of Cruelty to  Animals is a fit subject to be transferred to State List from Current List.


Ways to encourage local entrepreneurship


If a country is to sustain the economic development, local entrepreneurship should be encouraged, as without entrepreneurs a country cannot maintain development. Some of the policies to be adopted are:

i. If a project is to benefit people of only one village or town, the contract for the project should be given to a contractor from this village/town only.

ii. If no person from the village/town has sufficient money to invest, loans should be extended to willing entrepreneur on liberal terms. If no person has required knowledge or experience, such experts can always be employed by the entrepreneur

iii. Local people should be encouraged to set up partnership/private limited companies to undertake projects.

iv.If large project is likely to benefit a larger area and it is to cost much more than any person/group of persons from this area could afford to invest, the project could be given to any outsider, but local people should be associated by allotting some percentage of shares of the company.

v. the persons whose lands are to be used for the project should be allotted shares, in the investing company, instead of payment in cash, or the land owners should be paid for their land, partly by cash and partly by allotment of shares. This is in addition to providing employment to one or two members of the family of owners of the land.

These policies may affect a few communities and entrepreneurs from traditional business centres( large towns and states like Rajasthan, Gujarat etc)  by depriving some opportunities, but these policies may prod them to go for bigger projects than they were engaged hither to, thus compensating their loss of opportunities for small projects

These policies could be done away with, once entrepreneurship is developed widely.


Robots- need for research and use in India


One often hears news about robots performing functions of human beings in countries like Japan, US, Germany, South Korea, China and even in small countries like Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Hong Kong in factories, restaurants, hospitals, transport equipments  etc and there is hardly any news about the manufacture or use of robots in India. It is true that in India there is high unemployment and introduction of robots will increase unemployment. But development of robotic science/technology cannot be neglected, and India should not lag behind even small countries. Indian government  should set up robot research institutes and fund research by private establishments including industry. Even if unemployment is high, there are areas where there  is danger to humans in working. India should think of immediately importing/ developing robots for use in fire fighting, rescuing people from floods, rivers and seas, use for certain works in mines, in matches, fireworks,  and chemical factories and other hazardous places including in factories like cement, thermal and atomic power stations et.