How does one assess whether the foreign policy of India in recent years is a success or failure? If we go by the number of Indian VVIPs’ visits abroad or foreign VVIP’s visits to India, India’s foreign policy is a success. But mere visits and signing of agreements do not necessarily mean success or failure. Success of foreign policy also cannot be concluded by the number of international organizations in which the country becomes a member or of which the country is a co-founder. Common approach to or identity of views on international issues also do not mean success of foreign policy. Extending assistance, grants and loans to other countries through various programmes or Eximbank etc also does not mean the foreign policy is a success. Successful foreign policy should lead to expansion of the country’s exports, industrial, technical and scientific cooperation between the countries,spreading of Indian culture, increased arrivals of foreign visitors, creation of interest in foreign countries in India’s history, culture. languages, way of life etc.
Foreign policy should also not be under the control of only the Ministry of External Affairs. The inputs from other Ministries of the union and from the states should also be solicited and considered carefully.