Production and yield of rice(paddy) in India and neighbouring countries during the year 2014, as per Food and Agriculture Organisation(FAO) are given below.
Country area harvested(HA) Production(tonnes) yield(tonnes)
China (mainland) 30,300,870 206,507,400 6.81
Bangladesh 11,319,490 52,325,620 4.62
Myanmar 6,790,000 26,423,300 3.89
Sri Lanka 881,000 3,381,000 3.84
Bhutan 20,359 76,621 3.76
India 43,855,000 157,200,000 3,58
Nepal 1,486,951 5,047,047 3.39
Pakistan 2,890,646 7,002,832 2.42
Yield in India is just a little over half of the yield in China and much less than that of Bangladesh. The main reason for low yield is shortage of water. For increasing yield, irrigation should be increased. Government has no control over rainfall but has the capability for maximum utilization of surface and ground water. The state and central governments should immediately start work on linking rivers in the country not only for purposes of irrigation but also to manage floods.
If India’s yield of food grains is as much as that of China, world hunger could be wiped out completely.