What is good governance?


In all the recent bye-elections to the state legislative assembly in Tamilnadu, the ruling party or the member of its alliance won. The ruling party sought and obtained the votes on its performance, mainly  of giving to the people (who are also voters) free of cost, colour televisions, cooking gas connection and stove, 2 acres of arable land (to several landless people), house sits, houses, clothes(dhotis and sarees), marriage grant, child allowance,. mid-day meals, bus-passes, bicycles, books, uniforms, etc. to the school children as well as supplying rice at Re.1/a kilogram against its market price of  Rs.10 to Rs.15. The ruling party credits its victories to the aforesaid welfare schemes of the government.

Other political parties in the state, ADMK, Communist parties, PMK. MDMK, DMDK, VCK .etc have no objection to the ruling DMK party’s above mentioned welfare schemes

Not only in Tamilnadu, but in all other states also, all or most of the political parties are for such welfare schemes as above.

Now, the question that arises, is whether good governance means, taking care of the basic and entertainment and other needs of the people from government funds, directly

 or using the government funds judicially

to control crime,

to provide infrastructure for delivering quality education and medical treatment,

to provide good roads,

to keep the roads and streets clean,

to provide clean drinking water, 

to ensure uninterrupted electric supply,

to encourage higher agricultural and industrial production,

and thereby create jobs for all

Mahatma Gandhi said that no one should give to a healthy person, things free, but should instead provide him work which would make him work and enable him to buy his requirements.

 There is a need for a debate on what is good governance.


Members of Parliament and Ministers of Government


Once a Member of Parliament (MP) becomes a Minister of the Government, he is expected to devote his full time to the running of the affairs of his Ministry and he is to think of the requirements/development of the whole country and should not pay any special attention to his constituency. As Member of Parliament representing a particular constituency, he is expected to look after the interests his constituency. Thus a person cannot do justice to both the offices of MP and the Minister. Therefore, it is reasonable to make the MP to resign his membership of Parliament to take up the office of the Minister. The vacancy of MP in his constituency can be filled either by holding a bye-election or by some other means. The question whether the Minister should have voting right in the Parliament or not can be decided by the Parliament. In India at present 50-60 constituencies do not receive full attention of their MPs, they having been made Ministers. They do not speak in the Parliament as Member of his constituency.. There are a few countries where the above mentioned system is prevalent. To introduce the system in India, the constitution needs to be amended. The system can be experimented for 10-15 years and subjected to a thorough review thereafter to decide on continuation or discontinuance of the system