Elimination of corruption- Need to change rules, regulations, procedures

02/08/2015

Being part of the society, the political and bureaucratic functionaries have the same level of honesty, integrity, efficiency, devotion to duty etc. as the common people of the society. The common person in general is honest only because he/she has no opportunity to be corrupt. When he/she has the opportunity to be corrupt, he will almost definitely extract bribes by any way. The example is the opportunity for the common people to vote, for which bribe is reported to be demanded/accepted. So, if the corruption in government is to be eliminated, the society should first be made honest. But this is not easy.

But corruption cannot be allowed to be continued. The situation of absence of corruption can be achieved only by eliminating apportunities for corruption. For this, there is need to amend the rules and procedures. For example, in all the cases, single window system should be adopted. This means, the applicants for licences, approvals etc. need to apply only to one authority. This authority should seek “no objection certificates” from others wherever necessary. Again the denials/delays in extending services should be explained by the concerned authorities to their seniors and to the applicants or their nominees. All communications between he authorities and the applicants should be through mail/email so that the chances of authorities asking bribe from applicants are eliminated/reduced. Government should also in most cases accerpt affidavits and undertakings from applicants instead of asking for proofs and certificates from various other authorities.

The system of rewarding employees in a routine manner should be replaced with merit system. No employee should be given increments and promotions unless he does good work and is honest. Promotions should not be on the bassis of seniority but on the considerations of merit and honesty.

If the above changes are made in the rules and procedures, corruiption can be eliminated to a large extent.


India – 2014 Elections

19/04/2014

Elections to the Indian Parliament are taking place in various parts of the country.The BJP is blaming Congress and Congress is blaming BJP for the ills of the country. The fact is that both the parties while in the government have done what they thought was good for the country.Both of these parties however have failed to grasp that it is not the policies alone which improve the economy. It is the implementation that is very important. For example the Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme could have lead to production of about 400 million tonnes of cereals and made the country surplus in food grains by deepening existing lakes, by digging new lakes, linking lakes with lakes and lakes with rivers. But there are serious allegations that the scheme provides salaries to people but no significant work is done. This is because the people do not work hard and full time. If a country is to progress, its people should be sincere, honest , hard working and committed to the work they are doing. But in India people are not so. If the country is to progress, the people have to change, become honest,hardworking..

There are allegations of corruption among political leaders. The leaders are forced by people to spend a lot of money for getting elected to Parliament/Legislative assemblies. This leads to political corruption.

People expect undeserved assistance from the government. This leads to bureaucratic corruption.

It is thus clear that the ills of the country are due to the people- common people. The first thing that is to be done is to inculcate good values and discipline in the people. Changes of governments and policies alone may not make much difference to the economy of the country unless the policies have a component to compel people to be honest and hardworking.


Did/Does Tamilnadu Government have manpower planning?

22/04/2012

A large number of Teachers Training Institutes(TTIs) were estblished a few ylears ago in Tamilnadu and a very large nmber of elementary and high school teachers were trained. Most of the “teachers” have not got jobs and many of them have already waited for even 10 years to get jobs. Consequently the number of candidates opting for these courses has decreased and some of the institutes have already been closed causing loss of lot of money.Individuals’ loss ultimately is loss to the state.

On the other hand,not many Industrial Training Institutes(ITIs) were established and not many technicians were “produced”.Factories and common people are finding it difficult to secure the services of technicians like electricians, carpenters, fitters, mechanics welders,plumbers etc. Their services have become prohibitively costly. A lot of work remains undone on account of shortage of technicians’

It was not difficult for the government to anticipate the approximate or even maximum number of teachers required in future. Government should have discouraged people from establishing excessive number of institutes. Government should also have given advisories to the people about the anticipated number of teachers required so that they would have thought many times before going in for the teachers training course.

Similarly it was not difficult for the government to anticipate the boom in industrial activity (from the number of applications for setting up factories),production of automobiles, construction activities etc. Govenment should have itself established additional ITIs and encouraged private sector to establish the ITIs.

To make matters worse,government has bestowed so many free things to th people and to some extent was responsible for the increase in general wages that existing technicians do not find it necessary to work for more than a few days in a month to earn enough to meet the expenses. The shortage of technicians has become more acute and economic acivities have come to remain low.

If only the government had undertaken manpower planning the economy would have grown much higher. One hopes that at least now the government undertakes the required manpower planning and also encourage people to work longer by withdrawing free supplies.

The mandate of the Employment Exchanges should be extended from just sponsoring candidates against vacancies to actively associatig themselves in training the manpower for anticipated vacancies in various sectors of th economy.


Minimising corruption- discontinuance of subsidies and grants

30/05/2009

It appears that if the government stops giving subsidies and grants to the people, corruption can be reduced. To ensure that the people do not suffer in the absence of the existing grants and subsidies, full time jobs could be created for them. In countries like India, it is very easy to create jobs. In countries like Japan, no more roads and railway lines need to be constructed but in India, the present length of these facilities need to be increased by five fold.

In Tamilnadu, people get rice in the ration shops (government distribution shops) at Rs.1 per kilo. In the shops, the minimum price of the rice sold (the quality of course is a little better) is Rs. 20. Every month, a family gets 20 kilograms of rice for Rs. 20 from ration shops. They save Rs.380. If issuing ration cards is delayed by even two months, the family would lose Rs.760. The officials in charge of issuing ration cards may think that when the family saves Rs.380 per month on rice alone (sugar, pulses, kerosene etc are also supplied at ration shops at lower rates), why should the family not pay him Rs.250 for his signature. This is how corruption starts. The family may feel that even after paying Rs.250, they would save substantial amount in getting ration card without much delay and so, may not mind bribing.

The Government provides scholarships to children and the amount is substantial. The Government also provides Television sets, cooking gas and stoves, agricultural land, certain seedlings, electricity for agriculture, house sites, clothes for festivals, marriage grants for girls, meals for pregnant women, expenses for childcare at the time birth, school books, uniforms, mid-day meals and much more all  free of cost. The Government also provides grants and subsidies for certain industries. Depending on the benefit that the grant/subsidy receiver gets, the official concerned may demand and the individual may not mind paying a bribe. Mainly, a few, who do not get any benefit for the service for which bribe is demanded complain.

Few people say that they got government jobs by paying bribes. None of them has any complaint. All of them seem to think that they can earn this money through corruption in a few months.

The other reason for the breeding of corruption is that there is no transparency in handling the issues. None of the employees including the senior most officers of a department or even the senior most officers of the government replies to the correspondence he receive, either by mail or by email. If people think that they can petition to the senior officers and get their due, they would not bribe lower rank officials. If every office is made to render their services to the extent possible, corruption would come down. For example, a person could apply for a ration card by post to the Village Administrative Officer who should be required to forward the same to the revenue officials after verification. The revenue officials should be asked to prepare the ration card and send the same directly to the concerned family, with a copy of the covering letter to the village official for his record.

In India, common people are the ones who breed corruption. They demand money for their votes. They demand several things, free of cost. There was an instance of people in a few places going to the private jewellery shop and demanding them to sell gold at Rs.500 per 8 grams against the prevailing price of Rs.10,000, saying that they heard that government had issued orders for the same.

After independence people have become lazy with the introduction of modern farming methods and modern gadgets in households. The time saved by the use of machineries is not used to do other work. They just rest and this has made them lazy. The governments have taken upon themselves the duties which the parents and other family members are to perform. In return, the government does not get any thing free from the people.

Corruption could be reduced considerably, if the government discontinues the subsidies and grants.