Prohibition- by law or persuasion?


Consumption of alcohol leads people to misbehavior. The media often report about this misbehavior which affects several people. Consumption/excessive  consumption of alcohol has destroyed the peace and livelihood of families of several consumers. It has destroyed their health.. Talking all these into consideration, one comes to the conclusion alcohol is very bad. Once a consumer gets addicted, he will not on his own, normally give up excessive drinking. So it is left to the society to make him give up drinking. Several organizations and political parties show serious concerns on the ill effects of alcohol consumption. Now the question is, should there be a legal solution which will be ban on preparation, sale and consumption, or should this be by persuasion. In Tamilnadu, various political parties and social organizations are seeking ban on drinking and closure of liquor shops. Here also a question arises as to whether closure of liquor shops not lead to preparation, sale and consumption of illicit liquor which in the past had been responsible for many deaths. In addition addicts going to neighboring states to drink cannot be stopped.

Several countries in Europe and America enforced prohibition, but this could last only for short periods and was repealed in most of the countries/territories within the countries.

It appears that the best course to bring an end to alcohol consumption is by persuasion. In each locality, those seeking prohibition can gather in large numbers in front of liquor shops and persuade consumers not to buy and consume liquor. In addition, Government and non-governmental organizations can start de-addition centres all over the state and treat addicts free of charge. These two steps will certainly reduce the number of alcohol consumers.

Prohibition-by law or  persuasion, consumption, misbehavior, destroyed the health, political parties, ban, persuasion, liquor shops, de-addiction centres


Promoting consumption of milk in India and other countries


India is the largest producers of milk in the world with production of about 120 million tons (2011). The per capita production comes to only about 100kg per year. USA, the second largest producer of milk with a production of around 90 million tonnes has a per capita production of about 300 kgs while countries like Germany and France produce about 400 kg per head per year.

Milk is one of the few items in which India has higher per capita production than China whose per capita production is only about 30kg. India with a very large vegetarian population should increase per capita consumption considerably. However, with low purchasing power of people, India may become surplus in milk within a few years if the present rate of increase in production is maintained.

India and Pakistan are the major producers of buffalo milk. Production of goat milk is negligible in the world.

India needs to take steps to increase consumption of milk because of its nutritional value. There should be increased use of milk and milk products not only in sweets but also in other dishes. Use of milk and milk products should be promoted in countries like China and Vietnam to whom India could export. Once the Chinese and Vietnamese get used to sweets, there will be huge demand for milk and milk products.

If I had been Electricty Miniser in a sate in India


If had been the Electricity Minister of a state of India,

i.government would have floated tenders for generation and supply of electricity by private producer who generate or would generate electricty from non-conventional sources like bo-gas,garbage, waves, wind,sunlight,etc and decided on the tenders early,in the presence of all the bidders in a transparent manner. if all had agreed to supply at the lowest quotation, all would have been given orders.

ii. government would have created a separate cadre of officials for promoting use of power saving schemes like solar water heater,solar pumps,wind mill pumps etc.

iii.government would have set up or encouraged private parties to set up factories to manufacture solar panels and other requirements for generating solar power,etc

iv. government would have granted or encouraged banks to grant interest free loans(government compensates the banks), to all organisations engaged in research on minimising electricity usage

v.government would also have granted subsidy for household,office and industrial equipment and machinery which minimise consumption of electricity discourage use of electricity for cooking, products like solar cookers would have been heavily subsidised and subsidy would have been granted for publiciy for these products

vii.all local bodies-panchayats, municipalities.etc.) would have been made to put up solar street lights,

viii. a scheme would have been drawn, whereby factories, offices,shops, houses etc.which consume lesser electricity in a year compared to previous year would get electricty credits- electricity bills in the next year would be reduced by some percentage points

ix.all government establishments including offices would have have been using solar or wind energy,

x.local bodies would have been encouraged to set up power plants using garbage for generating electricity, where private parties had not come forward to set up such plants,

xi.the above mentioned schemes would also have reduced electricty losses in transmission

Stimulating the economy


There is economic slow down in most of the countries currently i.e. early 2009. These countries try to stimulate the economy by

  • Lowering interest rates
  • Giving tax benefits
  • Offering incentives to industries

By lowering interest rates for housing loans, vehicle loans etc. the governments try to encourage people to avail of the loans which in turn leads to construction of  houses, production of vehicles etc, thus reducing unemployment. But at the same time, people who deposit their money in the banks receive lower interest and thus the disposable income with them comes down leading lower consumption expenditure- lower retail sales, low demand and low production.

Giving tax benefits would make the companies and individuals to have additional money, but the governments would lose tax revenue and thus will not be able to undertake large infrastructural work.  Instead of reducing taxes, the governments can undertake infrastructural work and generate employment and additional spending.

Offering incentives would again reduce the government funds. It is likely that many of the industries would reduce the ex-factory prices of their products.  They would however result in lower cash balance with the governments and  lower government spending which is not good for the economy.

Cost of the production should be reduced by increasing the productivity of the employees. This could be done by requiring employees including the top managements in all the establishments in the country as well as self employed persons to work for additional one hour a day without any increase in salary.