Indian political parties seem to think that government can do everything including creation of of jobs on its own. But this is not possible. Government should involve the rich people who can invest their money in establishing factories, business establishments, service establishments etc which can provide jobs to the people, produce goods and services and thus increase the GDP of the country.If the country is to develop, there is need for capital which rich people can provide, there is need for workers who can work, there is need for services like transport, electricity, trade etc.which service establishments can provide. Therefore it is necessary to have harmonious relationship between different contributors and effective coordination. The government’s contribution in economic development should be indirect in the form of facilitation, concessions, infrastructure development. Government’s priority should be improvement in law and order situation, provision of social security and similar things.
When Mr. Nitish Kumar assumed office of the Chief Minister of Bihar in 2005 (earlier he was CM for a few days in 2000) there were great expectations. Under his leadership, Bihar was expected to improve in the law and order situation, infrastructure and the economy. At that time Bihar had the lowest per capita net state domestic product(NSDP). Now after years of his rule Bihar still has the lowest NSDP of Rs.20,000 (2010-11) Haryana’s NSDP is over Rs.92000. There is no significant improvement in the law and order situation or in infrastructure.
In spite of his best intentions and efforts the CM could not effect much improvement because it seems that the people are not in a mood to work hard and honestly. It is time to urge people to put in hard work and be honest and committed in work. The other reason is that the state is too large to govern effectively. It has a population of over 10 crores (of course UP and Maharashtra are bigger). Bihar is bigger than about 180 countries out of about 193 countries in the world. For administrative convenience and faster economic development and social improvement, Bihar should be divided into two states. Even with less efficient administrations, both the new states will develop much faster than now.
In India, particularly in the southern states, there is an acute shortage of skilled and unskilled manpower in every sector of the economy.
To overcome the labour shortage in the agricultural and plantation sector, the following steps could be taken
- the private sector, for various reasons is not yet ready to buy all the available and required agricultural machinery and rent them to interested farmers. Hence, the Engineering division of the departments of agriculture and horticulture should acquire the machinery and rent them to farmers.
- The engineering division should demonstrate the use of machinery
- Initially, for a period of 2-3 years, the government should provide subsidy to the private individuals to buy agricultural machinery
To overcome labour shortage in the industrial sector
- the government should stop encouraging labour intensive handloom sector and start encouraging power loom and mill sector
- exemptions from/concessions in excise and other duties for cottage, labour intensive sectors should be discontinued and mechanization should be encouraged by extending assistance to these sectors to buy machineries
To provide manpower for the service sector
- The departments of labour and employment should organize short term 3-6 month duration courses in trades like electricians, plumbers, carpenters, mechanics for automobiles, pumpsets, household equipments like televisions, refrigerators, air-conditioners etc and the trainees should be assisted to set up their own services.
- Pre-fabricated houses may be encouraged.
- In the transport sector, public transport drivers may be given additional responsibility of issuing tickets, thereby dispensing with the services of conductor.
- Tea, coffee, fruit juices, snacks etc. vending machines may be popularized and business people may be assisted to acquire these.
Law and order may be enforced in such a way, that there would be less need for watchmen/security guards.
Watching the local Television channels, one gets the confirmation that of all the government officers, the District Collector/Deputy Commissioner appears to be the most overburdened officer. With the ever increasing welfare measures and developmental works which the state and central governments are undertaking, the workload of the Collector keeps increasing. The districts have already been bifurcated and trifurcated through out India and at present the districts, in any state, in general, are not large enough to be further divided immediately to lessen the work load of the Collector. Of course, as the population increases, the already small districts would need to be made smaller (in areas). It is also not practical to post two Collectors for each district.
The District Superintendent of Police (SP), who is of the same rank as that of Collector, also has more than sufficient work. With the criminals using sophisticated and new methods, the task of preventing and investigating the crimes is becoming more difficult and time consuming. With every individual and groups of people asserting their rights in relation to the rights of other people and groups, maintaining law and order is also more difficult than before.
The Collector needs to be relieved of some work, to enable him/her to concentrate on the remaining work. SP could perhaps be entrusted with the work relating to the management of natural calamities like floods, fires, riots etc. Also some work relating to regional transport department, labour department, forests, and fire services, census, conducting elections, arms licenses, hotel licences, cinema theatre licences, could perhaps be placed under the charge of SP