Production and yield of rice(paddy) in India and neighboring countries


Production and yield of rice(paddy) in India and neighbouring countries during the year 2014, as per Food and Agriculture Organisation(FAO) are given below.

Country area harvested(HA) Production(tonnes) yield(tonnes)

China (mainland) 30,300,870 206,507,400 6.81
Bangladesh 11,319,490 52,325,620 4.62
Myanmar 6,790,000 26,423,300 3.89
Sri Lanka 881,000 3,381,000 3.84
Bhutan 20,359 76,621 3.76
India 43,855,000 157,200,000 3,58
Nepal 1,486,951 5,047,047 3.39
Pakistan 2,890,646 7,002,832 2.42

Yield in India is just a little over half of the yield in China and much less than that of Bangladesh. The main reason for low yield is shortage of water. For increasing yield, irrigation should be increased. Government has no control over rainfall but has the capability for maximum utilization of surface and ground water. The state and central governments should immediately start work on linking rivers in the country not only for purposes of irrigation but also to manage floods.

If India’s yield of food grains is as much as that of China, world hunger could be wiped out completely.

If I were the Prime Minister of India


If I were the Prime Minister of India,the priorities of the government of India would be:

1. to initiate action on linking the rivers in the country,establishing weather research and monitoring institutes, refining artificial rain technology and setting up at least one artificial rain making station in each district;

2. to create separate Ministry of Disaster Prevention and Management so that disaster prevention is an on going programme and would minimize the damages of the disasters; increase steeply the procurement prices of agricultural produce and introduce procurement of vegetables and fruits when their prices fall down; initiate action to atleast double the length of railway lines

5. to initiate action to triple the length of roadways and widen it the highways to 4/6 lanes use space science to locate underground mineral and water resources use atomic energy not only for electricity but also in other areas like agriculture, health, mining, constructing long tunnels for diverting some of the west flowing rivers to the east, constructing dams etc. use religions(all) for moulding the character of the people, to minimize violence, terrorism etc.

Elections to Tamilnadu Legislative Assembly


The manifestos of the political parties of Tamilnadu show that the political parties are not interested in finding solutions to the problems, but are interested only in temporary  relief to the affected people.For example, the solution to the problems of farmers is to increase the procurement prices of wheat, rice, sugarcane etc and to procure vegetables from farmers at a fixed price, of say Rs.10/kg for tomato, Rs.15/kg for brinjal etc.Similarly. the solution to the corruption is not appointing new authorities or enacting new laws but to undertake simple administrative reforms like changing the office procedures. No manifesto talks about this.Giving subsidies and freebies is no solution to poverty. The real solution is to provide jobs to all able bodied and willing persons. Considering the very large number of works to be undertaken, creating jobs is definitely very easy. What is to be done is to undertake large projects like linking rivers in the state, laying /widening roads, maintaining these roads, deepening lakes, dredging dams, building hospitals etc. The government  should also offer all possible assistance to private sector to set up factories. Thus it is easy to provide jobs to all. In fact in Tamilnadu, there is  shortage of labour, and that is why workers from far off states like Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Jharkand etc have come to Tamilnadu. What is to be done is is  to establish an agency  in each village,which will regulate the employment. This will lead to migration from cities/towns to villages.

India – Irrigation


While the Government of India has a ministry for water resources, many state governments do not have separate ministries for irrigation or water resources. In some state governments, Public Works Department looks after irrigation. That too mainly on regulation like opening and closing of the dam water. It would be useful if each state government had a separate ministry for irrigation. In addition to constructing new dams and canals, this ministry should have the following responsibilities;

  1. Linking rivers in the state. There is no need to mix this issue with linking rivers of the country as a whole.
  2. Creating links among lakes and between lakes and rivers.
  3. Lake management including deepening lakes and continuously desilting them
  4. Creating new lakes to ensure that each village has a lake
  5. Water management including draining rain water in pits and other shallow water into the nearby lakes. Water left in pits evaporates and it does not recharge ground water.
  6. Keeping the lakes and rivers clean
  7. Cleaning waste water and then using the same for irrigation without letting into the lake. This will ensure that lake water is not contaminated and this water can be used for drinking after purification.
  8. Cleaning river banks and ensuring that no garbage is dumped there
  9. Sanctioning loans for digging irrigation wells including bore wells. If lakes have water, digging wells will not lower the water table. It is wrong to ban new bore wells, as was seriously thought of by government sometime ago.