Neither money nor manpower should remain idle.

07/12/2016

A country develops when its capital and manpower are  fully utilised. In the past there was shortage of capital and it was utilized fully. However, black money was remaining mostly idle. Manpower was not fully used as there were not many avenues for employment. The best thing to have been done is allow black money holders to bring out the black money with some assurances and some concessions and encouragement. If this had been done there would have been no need to resort to demonetization.

Now what is to be done is to ensure that black money is not created by reducing corporate tax. Income tax rates are already low, compared to rates in many of the developed countries.

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MANIFESTO FOR ELECTIONS TO THE TAMILNADU LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

25/02/2016

 

EMPLOYMENT

Work will be provided to all able bodied and willing persons(RIGHT TO EMPLOYMENT) at reasonable wages of Rs.200 per day for 7 hours work for women and Rs.400 per day for men in agricultural sector. In other sectors, wages will be guided by the nature, hardship etc of work, In a month, work will be provided for 20 days a month. This will mean a minimum wages of Rs. Rs.12000/ per family of two working persons per month.(one male and one female worker)

Employment opportunities in manufacturing and service sectors will be created through private enterprises by extending facilities, concessions etc to the private sector.

The educated unemployed people will be given training free of cost in trades for which there is demand

In the past -in 50s and 60s,the minimum qualification required for admission to most of the trades in Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) is pass in 8th Class, while at present only for a very few-one or two-courses the minimum qualification required is 8th Class, while for the rest, it is 10th class. Similarly one could go for Teachers Training course after passing 8th class, to be able to teach in primary schools, while at present it is pass in 12th class. With a view to bring more people to work force, government would reduce minimum qualification required for admission to ITIs and Teachers’ Training Institutes to 8th class. This will make workers/teachers available for work for longer periods

The school education now consists of 5 years of primary education, 3 years higher elementary education,2 years high school and 2 years higher secondary school education, making a total of 12 years. This will be reduced initially to 11 years and later to 10 years. One should go for university education- degree course in Arts, science, medicine etc after completing 10 years of school education. Thls will make available to the state about 10% additional work force.

In India, life expectancy at birth has increased to about 67 years now (2011) from around 32 in 1951. Correspondingly the retirement age should also go up. Government would increase retirement age to 65.This alone will increase the strength of the work force by about 10% – 15%

A large number of Teachers Training Institutes(TTIs) were established a few years ago in Tamilnadu and a very large number of elementary and high school teachers were trained. Most of the “teachers” have not got jobs and many of them have already waited for even 10 years to get jobs. Consequently the number of candidates opting for these courses has decreased and some of the institutes have already been closed causing loss of lot of money. Individuals’ loss ultimately is loss to the state. Candidates trained to become teachers will now be trained free of cost for jobs in manufacturing and service sectors.

More Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) will be established and many technicians will be  “produced”. Making it easy to the factories and the people to secure the services of technicians and that to at affordable cost.

The mandate of the Employment Exchanges would be extended from just sponsoring candidates against vacancies to actively associating themselves in training the manpower for anticipated vacancies in various sectors of the economy. The present unemployed persons will be trained free of cost in skills for which there is demand now.

There is a shortage of labour in several sectors in Tamilnadu. To make available workers to the industry etc. our government would:

increase the age limit for giving old age pension from 60 years to 65 years and above

reduce the age limit of children for employment

adopt some kind of discrimination against able bodied people who refuse to work,  in the matter of grant of concessions etc

increase the working hours to atleast 8 hours a day in sectors where it is lower than this

strict punishment for petty thefts, trespassing by people, cattle etc, so that unproductive labour by watching (watchmen’s work) could be moved to productive sectors

motivating people to be sincere in and committed to work, so that the supervision could be minimised and supervisors could be employed more productively

curtailing freebies so that people would be forced to put in more work to earn more to meet the requirements of money,

There was a time when Indians used to take pride that illiterate mechanics, masons, carpenters, plumbers, electricians, etc did a wonderful job by learning from seeing and working with experienced people. Now one finds that the quality of work of mechanics etc. is poor and quantum of output is very low. It appears that like in developed countries, students should study at vocational training institutes all the trades mentioned above as well as trades like laundry, hair cutting, domestic work, serving in restaurants etc. A student completes 8th class at the age of 13 and thereafter goes to vocational institutes for period of 2 years. They can go for jobs from the age of 15. The minimum qualification for recruitment to the post of Lower Division Clerk is pass in 12th class. In Tamilnadu, a person completes his 12th class at the age of 17. So, the minimum age for recruitment to the post should be kept at 17 instead of 18. Even elementary school teachers used to be available for jobs from the age of 15 after 8 years of studies in general schools and 2 years course in training. By reducing the minimum age for recruitment at a low level, each person can work 2-3 years more during the life time.

With the longevity increasing, people can work up to the age of 65. By increasing the age of retirement to 65 years, each person can work for 5-7 years more, during the life time.

If a state/country is to progress, the first thing to do is to utilize all the available resources and manpower.

No able bodied person should remain without work even for short periods. One should work at least for 8 hours a day and six days in a week.

Of late, there is excess emphasis on not employing children in any work at all at any time. The first priority for the children is to study. But it does not mean that they should not do any work. If they  do not get used to work as children, many of them may become a burden on their families, society and the country when they are grown up. A child may go to school from 9.00 hours to 16.00 hours. On return from school, the child may do home work for about one hour, play for about one hour and help the mother or father or other elders for about two hours. In fact, if they work with elders for about 2 hours; they do not need to play for physical fitness.

Similarly the senior citizens, i.e those above 55/60 years of age, need not sit idle. They  would be provided with opportunities to do appropriate work as long as they can – it can be even till 80 years. There is no harm if an aged person does some work so long as he enjoys doing work and feels proud in contributing to family’s income. The GDP of the state will grow with more people working.

Unproductive work like that of watchmen, security staff etc should be kept to the minimum. For this purpose, crimes like thefts, violence, teasing, terrorism would be dealt with severely, so as to curb such activities. Further, people would be made to shun all vices and acquire virtues.


Alternate building materials-need to develop

06/10/2014

The economy of India suffered in the recent past due to lower growth rate in construction sector. The construction sector suffered because of shortage of sand and the controls imposed by state governments on samd quarrying. There is public opinion against exploitation of sand. The state governments should do more on encouraging and funding research on making sea sand suitable for construction by modifying the same, Similarly a time may come when there will be shortage of raw materials for cement. The same may be the case for iron as well. The governments should fund extensive research on developing alternate materials for sand, cement and iron. Though wood is a renewable source, there could be constraints on its supply. Bricks may not pose a big problem.Shortage of manpower may arise with the expandion of manufacturing and service industries.Mechanisation needs to be introduced on a larger scale.


India’s role in world affairs

03/10/2012

India is at present the second largest country in the world with every sixth person in the world being an Indian.In the next 10-15 years India will be the largest country with over 20% of the world i.e every fifth person in the world will be an Indian. At present India’s contribution to the world GDP is about 6-7%,being the third largest economy in the world. In the next 10-15 years,India’s share in the world GDP may go upto 10-12%, though it may continue to be the third largest economy. In this position,India should not contiue to take the stand that it does not want to interfere in the internal affirs of other counries. It should take active interest and major role in ensuring peace in the world and in helping poor countries not with materials but by giving consultation, technology, and if necessary loans.In particular, in consultation and cooperation with large countries like China,USA,Indonesia, Brazil etc India should strive for:

i.dissuading counries like Iran, Israel and North Korea to give up plans even for developing nuclear technology even for peaceful purposes,as this is the first step in the efforts for nuclear weapons

ii.persuading countries to take full responsibility for dismantling terror outfits and eliminating terror from the world. Terrorism has been one of the causes for world economic recession, as a lot of manpower is wasted in trying to preven terrorist activities

iii. being the largest country,it has to take responsibity to contribute to the health of the world population. towards this,India has to spend more, on medical research and spend more on establishing super speciality hospitals,so that small countries which cannot afford to establish the same can utulise the facilities in India

iv.India should increase its food production by 200-300% so that countries affected by natural calamities like floods, drought, earth quakes etc. can be assisted.

v.India should take initiative in brokering peace between warring countries or groups of coutries

vi.India should be the one which tables a large number of resolutions in UN organs like General Assembly, Security Council, specialised agencies etc.(It is taken for granted that by that time India would be a permanent member of the UN)

vii.India should spend much more on and expand its aciviies in the space, nuclear, ocean,heavy materials, renewable sources of energy, nano and emerging sciences as small countries will not be able to spend manpower and money on large projects and allow other countries to benefit from its activities in these spheres.


Utilizing the entire available manpower

08/11/2009

If a country is to progress, the first thing to do is to utilize all the available resources and manpower. Most of the developing and poor countries are economically backward, mainly because their manpower and resources are not properly and entirely utilized.

No able bodied person should remain without work even for short periods. One should work at least for 8 hours a day and six days in a week.

Of late, there is excess emphasis on not employing children in any work at all at any time. The first priority for the children is to study. But it does not mean that they should not do any work. If they  do not get used to work as children, many of them may become a burden on their families, society and the country when they are grown up. A child may go to school from 9.00 hours to 16.00 hours. On return from school, the child may do home work for about one hour, play for about one hour and help the mother or father or other elders for about two hours. In fact, if they work with elders for abut 2 hours; they do not need to play for physical fitness.

Production of goods and services will go up. In early 1950s, Rajaji, the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu, brought a scheme by which the children study for half a day and work for half a day. This was however, given up due to some opposition.

Similarly the senior citizens, i.e those above 55/60 years of age, need not sit idle. They should be provided with opportunities to do appropriate work as long as they can – it can be even till 80 years. There is no harm if an aged person does some work. The GDP of the country will grow with more people working.

Unproductive work like that of watchmen, security staff etc should be kept to the minimum. For this purpose, crimes like thefts, violence, teasing, terrorism should be dealt with severely, so as to curb such activities. Further, people should be made to shun all vices and acquire virtues.

Internal or external war should by all means be avoided. Poverty in some of the poor countries is due to the war.