Indian political parties seem to think that government can do everything including creation of of jobs on its own. But this is not possible. Government should involve the rich people who can invest their money in establishing factories, business establishments, service establishments etc which can provide jobs to the people, produce goods and services and thus increase the GDP of the country.If the country is to develop, there is need for capital which rich people can provide, there is need for workers who can work, there is need for services like transport, electricity, trade etc.which service establishments can provide. Therefore it is necessary to have harmonious relationship between different contributors and effective coordination. The government’s contribution in economic development should be indirect in the form of facilitation, concessions, infrastructure development. Government’s priority should be improvement in law and order situation, provision of social security and similar things.
Consumption of alcohol leads people to misbehavior. The media often report about this misbehavior which affects several people. Consumption/excessive consumption of alcohol has destroyed the peace and livelihood of families of several consumers. It has destroyed their health.. Talking all these into consideration, one comes to the conclusion alcohol is very bad. Once a consumer gets addicted, he will not on his own, normally give up excessive drinking. So it is left to the society to make him give up drinking. Several organizations and political parties show serious concerns on the ill effects of alcohol consumption. Now the question is, should there be a legal solution which will be ban on preparation, sale and consumption, or should this be by persuasion. In Tamilnadu, various political parties and social organizations are seeking ban on drinking and closure of liquor shops. Here also a question arises as to whether closure of liquor shops not lead to preparation, sale and consumption of illicit liquor which in the past had been responsible for many deaths. In addition addicts going to neighboring states to drink cannot be stopped.
Several countries in Europe and America enforced prohibition, but this could last only for short periods and was repealed in most of the countries/territories within the countries.
It appears that the best course to bring an end to alcohol consumption is by persuasion. In each locality, those seeking prohibition can gather in large numbers in front of liquor shops and persuade consumers not to buy and consume liquor. In addition, Government and non-governmental organizations can start de-addition centres all over the state and treat addicts free of charge. These two steps will certainly reduce the number of alcohol consumers.
Prohibition-by law or persuasion, consumption, misbehavior, destroyed the health, political parties, ban, persuasion, liquor shops, de-addiction centres
It has become a fashion for all opposition parties to oppose increase in prices of every product, commodity for service. None of the parties suggest any alternative. Similarly all the parties want higher procurement prices for grains, milk, sugarcane etc. but at the same time oppose price rise for consumers. How is this possible? All parties demand increase in wages but the same time criticize inflation. All parties oppose sand quarrying but do not suggest an alternative for building construction.The Parties want increase in production but at the same time talk of less work for workers. Parties do not want companies to earn more but they want the companies to expand or set up new units so that more employment can be generated. Parties do not want new taxes or increase in existing taxes but they want government to undertake new projects, to provide new facilities etc. In short the parties want to present themselves as pro-poor, pro-consumer, anti-rich etc.
There is a need for political parties to rethink their stand on various issues considering the country’s development as the only or major issue.
It has become a fashion for self professed intellectuals in India to talk ill of and entertain hatred against the rich people.Some people even think and talk, that rich people would have become rich, only by exploiting the poor people. Many of the Political parties talk only of the poor people as though the rich people are not worthy of any consideration. The country cannot become rich without rich people producing goods and services and providing employment to the unemployed.The government cannot spend money on any scheme including schemes for poor people, without the rich people paying direct and indirect taxes. Political parties should not talk and act to differentiate people. The parties should promote harmonious relations between employers and employees, between producers and consumers,poor and the rich etc.
The rich people should be encouraged to set up more factories, service centres, educational and health services etc.
Similarly parties talk of providing education, employment etc. to people belonging to socially backward communities only. They do not talk of education to forward community people who could if encouraged, become great scientists, eminent technocrats,efficient doctors, inventors etc. The country needs such professionals to progress. It is necessary that good education is provided to all people, socially backward as well as socially forward community people. This is not to suggest that priority should not be given to backward people but talented forward community people should not be discouraged.
The policies of most of the political parties are such that they discourage people from working hard. For example free/subsidised supplies of food grains, clothes, etc.discourage people from working hard. A worker who earns Rs.350 per day as wages wants to work only for a few days in a month -may be 10 days- as 10 days’ wages are sufficient to meet monthly expenses because food grains, clothes, etc are available free of cost or at highly subsidised prices. The wages and prices policies should be such that able bodied members of a family work for 40/44 hours in a week to earn enough to meet the expenses in a week.
Delhi election results- a way out to settle the issue
In the elections held in 2013 to the 70 member Delhi assembly BJP and its ally emerged as the largest group with 32 seats,-four short of majority and the second largest party AAP won 28 seats- 8 short of majority. The other parties won 10 seats. Neither BJP nor AAP is willing to form government on its own or with the support of other parties. President’s rule is the only alternative but this can be only for a short period. Sooner or later re-elections have to be held. This will result in a lot of expenditure, time, energy and efforts for both the government and the political parties as also the general public.
A way out will be to amend the constitution to provide for the large two parties to form government for periods proportionate to the seats secured by them. For example, in Delhi Assembly elections, BJP combine and AAP have obtained 32 and 28 seats respectively. The two parties should be asked to be in power for periods proportionate to their strength i.e. at 32:28. In the 5 year tenure of the assembly, BJP should be In power for 32 months and AAP for 28 months (total 60 months or 5 years).
There is no need for smaller parties to occupy power for period proportionate to their strength. Of course if no party secures at least 25% or 33% of the seats, re-election will become unavoidable.
Onion is cultivated on an area of 43 million hectares in the world. The production is about 86 million tonnes with an yield of about 20 tonnes/ha. India has the largest area of 1.1 million ha or over 25% of world acreage under onion. However, India’s contribution to world’s production is only about 16 million MT or about 18%. The yield in India is only about 15MT/ha against about 25MT/ha in China. Countries like Australia, Austria, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, South Korea, Spain and USA have yields of over 50 MT/ha.
The production in India is low as the farmers do not get remunerative price. The consumer price of RS.50 or Rs.60/kg is not at all high. But unfortunately there is hue and cry from political parties, trade unions and the consumers against this price. People should be allowed to be used to this price.
India exports onions at about US$400 per MT or Rs.24 per kg. If the farmers get price of Rs.30 per Kg, there will be incentive for farmers to grow more and supply to the local and foreign markets. There is a demand for onions in USA, Brazil etc.