Rates of Exchange and Exports

20/10/2013

It is generally believed that when a currency is upvalued(revalued) it would affect exports as the export items would become costlier. This is not really true. When the currency is revalued, imports become cheaper and cost of living comes down. The local currency gets strengthened. In 2005, Chinese Yuan RENMINBI(CNY) was USD 1 = CNY 8.09. Since then the CNY has appreciated and now USD 1 = CNY 6.09. With the appreciation of CNY exports did not decrease. On the contrary, exports from China when up from USD 939 billion in 2006 to USD 2,057 billion in 2012. Indian exports also went up from USD 122 billion in 2006 to USD 298 billion in 2012. The Indian Rupee also depreciated from USD 1 = Rs. 45 to USD 1 = Rs. 60. Here the depreciation is not the main reason for the increase in exports. Even without the deprecation the exports went up to USD 198 billion in 2008. So while fixing the rate of exchange the purchasing power of the respective currencies should be taken into account. The main contributing factor for increase in exports is surplus production, lower cost of production and the quality of products. A currency should not be allowed to depreciate thinking that this would contribute to increase in exports. The rate of exchange between Indian Rupee and US Dollar should be USD 1 = Rs. 20 or Rs. 25.  

 

Author: Singharan Govindan

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Rate of exchange between dollar and rupee

28/09/2013

The Finance Minister is reported to have said that the correct rate of exchange between US$ and Indian Rupee is US$1= Rs.59 or Rs.60. This does not appear to be correct.

The wages for an hour of an unskilled worker on an average is about US$ 8/- in United States.In India it is about Rs.50/’ In this case US$ 8= Rs.50 or 1 dollar is equal to about Rs. 6.25. A cup of coffee in Food Courts on average costs about US$1.00/- In similar establishments in India, it is about Rs.30/- In this case 1 US dollar is equal to Rs.30/- Average price of 1 litre of milk in US is about 1 dollar. In India, it is about Rs.30. In this case also 1 dollar is equal to only Rs.30/- Of course in manuufactured goods, 1 dollar may be equal to Rs.40 or more. Taking all the products and services (GDP) in India, IMF/World Bsnk etc.estimated in 2012,India’s GDP to be around 5 trillion dollar by Purchasing Power Parity method and nearly 2 trillion dollars by rate of exchange method The rate of exchange in 2012 wad about Rs.50 per dollar. This shows that the real parity between dollar and rupee in 2012 should have been only Rs.20/dollar. in 2013 it could be about Rs.30/-.