India’s role in world affairs


India is at present the second largest country in the world with every sixth person in the world being an Indian.In the next 10-15 years India will be the largest country with over 20% of the world i.e every fifth person in the world will be an Indian. At present India’s contribution to the world GDP is about 6-7%,being the third largest economy in the world. In the next 10-15 years,India’s share in the world GDP may go upto 10-12%, though it may continue to be the third largest economy. In this position,India should not contiue to take the stand that it does not want to interfere in the internal affirs of other counries. It should take active interest and major role in ensuring peace in the world and in helping poor countries not with materials but by giving consultation, technology, and if necessary loans.In particular, in consultation and cooperation with large countries like China,USA,Indonesia, Brazil etc India should strive for:

i.dissuading counries like Iran, Israel and North Korea to give up plans even for developing nuclear technology even for peaceful purposes,as this is the first step in the efforts for nuclear weapons

ii.persuading countries to take full responsibility for dismantling terror outfits and eliminating terror from the world. Terrorism has been one of the causes for world economic recession, as a lot of manpower is wasted in trying to preven terrorist activities

iii. being the largest country,it has to take responsibity to contribute to the health of the world population. towards this,India has to spend more, on medical research and spend more on establishing super speciality hospitals,so that small countries which cannot afford to establish the same can utulise the facilities in India

iv.India should increase its food production by 200-300% so that countries affected by natural calamities like floods, drought, earth quakes etc. can be assisted.

v.India should take initiative in brokering peace between warring countries or groups of coutries

vi.India should be the one which tables a large number of resolutions in UN organs like General Assembly, Security Council, specialised agencies etc.(It is taken for granted that by that time India would be a permanent member of the UN)

vii.India should spend much more on and expand its aciviies in the space, nuclear, ocean,heavy materials, renewable sources of energy, nano and emerging sciences as small countries will not be able to spend manpower and money on large projects and allow other countries to benefit from its activities in these spheres.


Reforms at UN


The Agenda of United National General Assembly (UNGA) has over 150 items with many of the items having sub-items. UNGA adopts about 300 resolutions of which over 50 are adopted in the Plenary and the rest in the Committees. This gives an idea of the quantum of work done by UN. The work is so much that most of the resolutions are not discussed in detail and some of these must have been passed without any debate. The UNGA would not be able to take concrete action on many items. Where the provisions of the resolutions are to be implemented by the member countries or others, the office of the Secretary-General would not have time to pursue and enforce implementation Therefore, the first major reform of the UN system should be to reduce the number of agenda items and the resolutions.

The UNGA as also the Security Council should confine themselves to matters of world peace, security, disarmament and such important matters. Other matters like economic development, health, education, science, environment, civil aviation, food, maritime maters, trade, etc. should left to be entirely handled by specialized agencies like UNDP, UNIDO, WHO, UNESCO, UNEP, ICAO, FAO, IFAD,WFP, IMO, WTO etc. If this is done, UNGA could devote more and enough time on matters relating to international peace, security, disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation etc. and enforce implementation of its resolutions. If the concerned governments are unwilling to implement, the matter could be referred to the Security Council who could decide on the action to be taken like imposing sanctions, sending UN forces etc.

Increasing the role of UNGA, abolition of veto powers of Permanent Members of Security Council could be taken up later on.