MANIFESTOFOR ELECTIONS TO TAMILNADU LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 2016(10)

29/02/2016

LAND ACQUISITION POLICY

Government would need to acquire agricultural and other land for a large number of public projects and private projects which are in public interest. Therefore, government would:-

stop distributing government(paramboke) land to anyone-landless or houseless people. The land  would be kept for giving to the families from whom agricultural land or housesites/buildings are acquired for public purposes.

If this had been done from the beginning, there would not have been so many agitations against land acquisitions. The govt.land lying idle would only be leased out to the landless with the condition that the lease may be terminated with  one year notice. This is to see that the land does not remain unused.

acquire land only for present use and would not acquire larger land for using it in future and thus would not keep the land fallow, thereby depriving the state of production of food grains on these lands.

all government housing schemes for the low or medium or high income groups as well as government buildings for offices, schools, hospitals etc. would be multi-storied so that lesser land is used.

Even for private housing projects, plans would normally be approved only if the buildings are multi-storied. Even in the case of buildings by private individuals, they would be encouraged to build more than one floor by offering loans at concessional rates of interest.

Multi-storied parking places would be encouraged or the government would itself build to save space on parking.

WELFARE MEASURES

Restricting welfare measures only to those earning up to a certain level will make people not to strive to earn more for fear of foregoing the benefits. This will make people remain in poverty perpetually.

The governments would look after not only the poor people but also those with good income and therefore, welfare measures in our government would be for the entire community and not for those with low income only

Substantial number of people are poor mainly because of their or their fore fathers’ bad habits, like consumption of liquor, smoking, spending much on cosmetics, indulgence in luxuries, consumption of high cost items etc. Instead of extending special favours to such people, they would be persuaded or given free of cost treatment for giving up addictions to alcohol, smoking etc.

Similarly it is not correct to conclude that rich people have become rich by exploiting others or at others’ expenses. Many people are rich because of their frugal habits, savings, simple life, low consumption, avoidance of  luxuries etc. They should not be discriminated against, by denying them governments’ welfare measures.

Governments’ efforts would be to provide necessary skills and facilitate employment to all the people and thereby make them earn for their needs. This is the main welfare measure of the government.

In the name of welfare measures, the government will not take away the duties and responsibilities of parents for their children, of adults and middle aged people for their parents. Conducting marriages, valai kappus etc. giving gold, cash at the time of marriage etc. will be discontinued. However loans by the banks  on govt security will be encouraged so that the couple can settle in life by purchasing their requirements of furniture, utencils, dress,jewellery etc.


Tamilnadu population 2011-natural growth and immigration

13/06/2011

According to provisional 2011 census data, the population of Tamilnadu state, India increased during 2001-2011 by 97 lakh(9.7million) from 6.24 crores(62.4 million) to 7.21 crores. The birth rate was 15.3 per 1000, death rate was 7.6/1000 and the natural increase was 8.6/1000. The natural increase works out to 53 lakhs, the balance of 44 lakhs being net immigaration(incoming migration-outgoing migration) from neighbouring states and mostely from high population growth states like Bihar, Jharkhand etc. But for the immigrants, the economy of Tamilnadu would have been in very bad shape. There would have been no growth at all. Does this mean that there is shortage of labour?

Actually, the economy has not expanded so much as to lead to labour shortage.(In fact even with immigrants,the economy has not grown as much as it could have been) What has happened is that a large number of people of Tamilnadu have been taken away from the labour force because of the so called welfare measure of the government of Tamilnadu, like free food items, free clothig, free shelter, free schooling etc(Free medical treatment however is necessary). Because of the freebies, a person needs to work only fo 4-5days in a month to earn for his requirements For the rest of the days, people are made to lie idle. Hence, there has been need for people from other states to migrate to Tamilnadu.

The migrants who drive the growth engine of the state need to be looked after better. They have to be provided with all the welfare measures as are the local people. The goverment should allot house sites to them on a priority basis. In other words, government should encourage these migrants to settle in Tamilnadu permanently so that the farmers will intensify agriculture, industriliast will think of expanding their busiesses,service providers will enlarge their activities. Simultaneously, the government should minimise the welfare measures, so that the local labour is also fully available for agricultural, industrial and other activities.
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Labour Shortage- measure to ease

07/06/2011

There is an acute shortage of labour in every sector in India. However, in the name of welfare measures, government of india and the state governments are taking away a lot of people from workforce, thereby enhancing shortage of labour and curtailing growth in GDP. It is time the governments consider seriously the following measure to augment the work force

a. increase the age limit for giving old age pension from 60 years to 65 years and above

b. reduce the agelimit of children for employment

c.some kind of discrimination against able bodied people who refuse to work-in the matter of grant of freebies,concessions,

d.increase the working hours to atleast 8 hours a day in sectors where it is lower than this like in agricultural sector

e.strict punishment for petty thefts, trespassing by people,cattle etc, so that unproductive labour by watching (watchmen’s work) could be moved to productive sectors

f.motivating people to be sincere in and committed to work, so that the supervision could be minimised and supervisors could be employed more productively

g. curtailing freebies so that people would be forced to put in more work to earn more to meet the anticipated special expenditures on occasions like festivals, marriages, pilgrimages etc


Debt to GDP ratio and Economic Growth

02/10/2010

There have been some studies and conclusions therefrom about Debt to GDP ratio of a country and the econonomic growth rate. Some of the conclusions are:

1.once the debt to gdp ratio exceeds 77%, the growth rate will fall

2.for every 10 percentage points fall in debt to gdp ratio, growth rate will go up by 1.4%

These conclusions do not hold good in all situations and for all countries. Further fall or growth in growth rate depends also on the type or purpose for which the debt is incurred.
Generally,

i.if the debt is maily for purposes of undertaking short gestation project like dams, irrigation canals, linking rivers with one another and with lakes etc. the growth rate will go up even if the debt to gdp ratio exceeds 100% or even 150%.

ii.if the debt is incurred for productive purposes like generation and distribution of electricity, import of technology, capital goods, raw materials etc. there will be no fall in growth rate even if the debt to gdp ratio is very high

iii. if the debt is incurred for unproductive purposes like increase in wages without increase in productivity, welfare measures, sports, entertainment etc. growth rate may fall with increase in debt, though in some cases, increase in spending power of the people may lead to increase in demand and consequently production.

iv. irrespecive of the debt-gdp ratio, economy would witness growth, if all able-bodied persons work and they put in their maximum possible ability, time, energy, attention etc to the work

v. the amount required for servicing the debt depends not only on the quantum of debt but also on interest rate. If the interest rate is low or nil, and the repayment period is long, serving debt may not be a big problem.


Taxes and Welfare Measures

02/09/2010

Some of the governments in the world not only exempt people with income up to certain limit from payment of income tax, but also extend to them several concessions and welfare measures like subsidized or even free rations, clothing, shelter, transport, medical facilities, education etc. This does not seem to be the correct path for the long term benefits of the beneficiaries or the development of the economy. Some of the considerations for this conclusion are:

(i) Every one should pay part of his income as tax to enable the government to work.The low income people can be asked to pay a smaller percentage of income –may be 5% or even 2% or 1%, instead of totally exempting them from payment. After all they are the beneficiaries of governments’welfare measures.

(ii) The people by paying the taxes will feel and be more responsible citizens

(iii) Obligation to pay income tax will induce people to work harder and longer to earn more to compensate for the tax expenses. This will lead to increase in production of goods and services

(iv) Restricting welfare measures only to those earning up to a certain level will make people not to strive to earn more for fear of foregoing the benefits. This will make people remain in poverty perpetually.

(v) The governments should look after not only the poor people but also those with good income and therefore, welfare measures should be for the entire community and not for those with low income only

(vi) Substantial number of people are poor mainly because of their or their fore fathers’ bad habits, like consumption of liquor, smoking, spending much on cosmetics, indulgence in luxuries, consumption of high cost items etc. Exempting such people from payment of taxes will mean not dissuading them to give up bad habits

(vii) Similarly it is not correct to conclude that rich people have become rich by exploiting others or at others’ expenses. Many people are rich because of their frugal habits, savings, simple life, low consumption, avoiding luxuries etc. They should not be discriminated against, by denying them governments’ welfare measures. 

Governments’ efforts should be to provide necessary skills and facilitate employment to all the people and thereby make them earn for their needs. In developing countries, it is very easy to create jobs, as there are innumerable works to be undertaken.


India-District Administrative set up

27/03/2010

Watching the local Television channels, one gets the confirmation that of all the government officers, the District Collector/Deputy Commissioner appears to be the most overburdened officer. With the ever increasing welfare measures and developmental works which the state and central governments are undertaking, the workload of the Collector keeps increasing. The districts have already been bifurcated and trifurcated through out India and at present the districts, in any state, in general, are not large enough to be further divided immediately to lessen the work load of the Collector. Of course, as the population increases, the already small districts would need to be made smaller (in areas). It is also not practical to post two Collectors for each district.

The District Superintendent of Police (SP), who is of the same rank as that of Collector, also has more than sufficient work. With the criminals using sophisticated and new methods, the task of preventing and investigating the crimes is becoming more difficult and time consuming. With every individual and groups of people asserting their rights in relation to the rights of other people and groups, maintaining law and order is also more difficult than before.

The Collector needs to be relieved of some work, to enable him/her to concentrate on the remaining work. SP could perhaps be entrusted with the work relating to the management of natural calamities like floods, fires, riots etc. Also some work relating to regional transport department, labour department, forests, and fire services, census, conducting elections, arms licenses, hotel licences,  cinema theatre licences,  could  perhaps be placed under the charge of SP


India – Land Acquisition by the Government

12/12/2009

The Land Acquisition Act provides for acquisition of privately owned land by the Central and State Governments for public purposes. However, Governments acquire land for private companies, calling it public purpose. They acquire more than required area of land for current use and also for future use. The compensation being paid is much less than current market value. In order to induce landowners to come forward to sell land the price has to be what it would be 5 or 10 years later in the market. In Malaysia, the government used to pay large compensation and people used to compete to sell their land and become “instant millionaires”. In fact, the Malaysian government asks companies to procure land themselves.

Government has recently acquired/ is acquiring land for widening national highways. They are acquiring land not only for the present use for 4 lanes but for future use of  6-8 lanes which may be after 20 or 25 years later. Till then surplus land will remain fallow.

Even for welfare measures like free or subsidized housing for low income people, some governments are using as much as 10 acres of land for 100 small houses whereas 3-4 acres will be sufficient. Government can do with about 2 acres if double storey houses are built in stead of single story houses

The land acquisition has shrunk agricultural land considerably and the country would have to depend on imports for consumption. Not only this. The farmers are agitating against land acquisitions even for genuine purposes for government’s direct use. In order to avoid problems for acquisition in future, it would be better, if governments acquire land only for government’s current use at an estimated value 10 years later.