Need for guidelines on salaries,wages, working hours etc.

07/12/2016

In the last little over 20 years, the governments both at the centre and states have increased the salaries of their employees so much that private sector employers are unable to pay even 50% of government salaries. The result is that highly educated candidates with degrees like M.E., M.Phil are sitting for competitive exams for the posts of Village Administrative Officers, Constables, Junior Assistants etc. for which the minimum qualification required is pass in 10th/12th Class.  This means that these candidates have wasted their time and money. Each vacancy in government service attracts, 200-300  candidates.

Again for equal  work, pay is unequal between govt and private sectors. For example elementary school teacher is paid around Rs.25000/- per month in the government schools while in private schools, they are paid around Rs.5000-6000/ p.m. and the private schools are unable to pay more. To more or less equalise the salaries in government/private schools, govt. should freeze the salaries in govt.sector and allow private sector to increase the tuition fee on the condition that they should pay higher salaries. Some sort of subsidy could also be considered.if it is considered not desirable to increase tuition fees.

There is also vast difference in the salaries in the organized sector and unorganized sector in private industry and business establishments. This also needs to be minimised.

The governments should therefore issue guidelines (not enforceable orders) to the private sector on salaries. For example. governments, taking into considerations its own level of salaries may suggest salaries of persons with +2 qualifications as Rs.15000, degree holders as Rs.20000/,  ITI qualification as Rs.16000, diploma holders as Rs.18000 etc. Employers should of course be free to pay more or slightly less.

 

 

 

 


MANIFESTO FOR ELECTIONS TO THE TAMILNADU LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

25/02/2016

 

EMPLOYMENT

Work will be provided to all able bodied and willing persons(RIGHT TO EMPLOYMENT) at reasonable wages of Rs.200 per day for 7 hours work for women and Rs.400 per day for men in agricultural sector. In other sectors, wages will be guided by the nature, hardship etc of work, In a month, work will be provided for 20 days a month. This will mean a minimum wages of Rs. Rs.12000/ per family of two working persons per month.(one male and one female worker)

Employment opportunities in manufacturing and service sectors will be created through private enterprises by extending facilities, concessions etc to the private sector.

The educated unemployed people will be given training free of cost in trades for which there is demand

In the past -in 50s and 60s,the minimum qualification required for admission to most of the trades in Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) is pass in 8th Class, while at present only for a very few-one or two-courses the minimum qualification required is 8th Class, while for the rest, it is 10th class. Similarly one could go for Teachers Training course after passing 8th class, to be able to teach in primary schools, while at present it is pass in 12th class. With a view to bring more people to work force, government would reduce minimum qualification required for admission to ITIs and Teachers’ Training Institutes to 8th class. This will make workers/teachers available for work for longer periods

The school education now consists of 5 years of primary education, 3 years higher elementary education,2 years high school and 2 years higher secondary school education, making a total of 12 years. This will be reduced initially to 11 years and later to 10 years. One should go for university education- degree course in Arts, science, medicine etc after completing 10 years of school education. Thls will make available to the state about 10% additional work force.

In India, life expectancy at birth has increased to about 67 years now (2011) from around 32 in 1951. Correspondingly the retirement age should also go up. Government would increase retirement age to 65.This alone will increase the strength of the work force by about 10% – 15%

A large number of Teachers Training Institutes(TTIs) were established a few years ago in Tamilnadu and a very large number of elementary and high school teachers were trained. Most of the “teachers” have not got jobs and many of them have already waited for even 10 years to get jobs. Consequently the number of candidates opting for these courses has decreased and some of the institutes have already been closed causing loss of lot of money. Individuals’ loss ultimately is loss to the state. Candidates trained to become teachers will now be trained free of cost for jobs in manufacturing and service sectors.

More Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) will be established and many technicians will be  “produced”. Making it easy to the factories and the people to secure the services of technicians and that to at affordable cost.

The mandate of the Employment Exchanges would be extended from just sponsoring candidates against vacancies to actively associating themselves in training the manpower for anticipated vacancies in various sectors of the economy. The present unemployed persons will be trained free of cost in skills for which there is demand now.

There is a shortage of labour in several sectors in Tamilnadu. To make available workers to the industry etc. our government would:

increase the age limit for giving old age pension from 60 years to 65 years and above

reduce the age limit of children for employment

adopt some kind of discrimination against able bodied people who refuse to work,  in the matter of grant of concessions etc

increase the working hours to atleast 8 hours a day in sectors where it is lower than this

strict punishment for petty thefts, trespassing by people, cattle etc, so that unproductive labour by watching (watchmen’s work) could be moved to productive sectors

motivating people to be sincere in and committed to work, so that the supervision could be minimised and supervisors could be employed more productively

curtailing freebies so that people would be forced to put in more work to earn more to meet the requirements of money,

There was a time when Indians used to take pride that illiterate mechanics, masons, carpenters, plumbers, electricians, etc did a wonderful job by learning from seeing and working with experienced people. Now one finds that the quality of work of mechanics etc. is poor and quantum of output is very low. It appears that like in developed countries, students should study at vocational training institutes all the trades mentioned above as well as trades like laundry, hair cutting, domestic work, serving in restaurants etc. A student completes 8th class at the age of 13 and thereafter goes to vocational institutes for period of 2 years. They can go for jobs from the age of 15. The minimum qualification for recruitment to the post of Lower Division Clerk is pass in 12th class. In Tamilnadu, a person completes his 12th class at the age of 17. So, the minimum age for recruitment to the post should be kept at 17 instead of 18. Even elementary school teachers used to be available for jobs from the age of 15 after 8 years of studies in general schools and 2 years course in training. By reducing the minimum age for recruitment at a low level, each person can work 2-3 years more during the life time.

With the longevity increasing, people can work up to the age of 65. By increasing the age of retirement to 65 years, each person can work for 5-7 years more, during the life time.

If a state/country is to progress, the first thing to do is to utilize all the available resources and manpower.

No able bodied person should remain without work even for short periods. One should work at least for 8 hours a day and six days in a week.

Of late, there is excess emphasis on not employing children in any work at all at any time. The first priority for the children is to study. But it does not mean that they should not do any work. If they  do not get used to work as children, many of them may become a burden on their families, society and the country when they are grown up. A child may go to school from 9.00 hours to 16.00 hours. On return from school, the child may do home work for about one hour, play for about one hour and help the mother or father or other elders for about two hours. In fact, if they work with elders for about 2 hours; they do not need to play for physical fitness.

Similarly the senior citizens, i.e those above 55/60 years of age, need not sit idle. They  would be provided with opportunities to do appropriate work as long as they can – it can be even till 80 years. There is no harm if an aged person does some work so long as he enjoys doing work and feels proud in contributing to family’s income. The GDP of the state will grow with more people working.

Unproductive work like that of watchmen, security staff etc should be kept to the minimum. For this purpose, crimes like thefts, violence, teasing, terrorism would be dealt with severely, so as to curb such activities. Further, people would be made to shun all vices and acquire virtues.


Labour Shortage- measure to ease

07/06/2011

There is an acute shortage of labour in every sector in India. However, in the name of welfare measures, government of india and the state governments are taking away a lot of people from workforce, thereby enhancing shortage of labour and curtailing growth in GDP. It is time the governments consider seriously the following measure to augment the work force

a. increase the age limit for giving old age pension from 60 years to 65 years and above

b. reduce the agelimit of children for employment

c.some kind of discrimination against able bodied people who refuse to work-in the matter of grant of freebies,concessions,

d.increase the working hours to atleast 8 hours a day in sectors where it is lower than this like in agricultural sector

e.strict punishment for petty thefts, trespassing by people,cattle etc, so that unproductive labour by watching (watchmen’s work) could be moved to productive sectors

f.motivating people to be sincere in and committed to work, so that the supervision could be minimised and supervisors could be employed more productively

g. curtailing freebies so that people would be forced to put in more work to earn more to meet the anticipated special expenditures on occasions like festivals, marriages, pilgrimages etc


Simple ways for faster economic development

08/11/2009

Some of the measures which can be taken with very little investment for faster economic development in India are:

  1. Increasing the working hours  of all industrial, commercial, government and other employees from around 40 hours to 48 hours a week. This will result 20% increase in production in manufacturing sector, increase in value of services etc.
  2. Increasing the retirement age from around 58/60 years to 65 years. This will enable each person to increase his contribution to  GDP by over 15%.
  3. Providing opportunities to those already retired to work either from home or from factories/offices
  4. Introduction of more machinery in agricultural and plantation sectors which, suffers acute labour shortage. Tractors were introduced a few decades ago. Large scale introduction of harvesters, planters, weeders etc should be undertaken.
  5. Encouragement for handloom sector should be given up. Power loom sector should be encouraged in view of labour shortage in spinning, weaving, knitting and ready made garments sectors.