India’s role in world affairs

03/10/2012

India is at present the second largest country in the world with every sixth person in the world being an Indian.In the next 10-15 years India will be the largest country with over 20% of the world i.e every fifth person in the world will be an Indian. At present India’s contribution to the world GDP is about 6-7%,being the third largest economy in the world. In the next 10-15 years,India’s share in the world GDP may go upto 10-12%, though it may continue to be the third largest economy. In this position,India should not contiue to take the stand that it does not want to interfere in the internal affirs of other counries. It should take active interest and major role in ensuring peace in the world and in helping poor countries not with materials but by giving consultation, technology, and if necessary loans.In particular, in consultation and cooperation with large countries like China,USA,Indonesia, Brazil etc India should strive for:

i.dissuading counries like Iran, Israel and North Korea to give up plans even for developing nuclear technology even for peaceful purposes,as this is the first step in the efforts for nuclear weapons

ii.persuading countries to take full responsibility for dismantling terror outfits and eliminating terror from the world. Terrorism has been one of the causes for world economic recession, as a lot of manpower is wasted in trying to preven terrorist activities

iii. being the largest country,it has to take responsibity to contribute to the health of the world population. towards this,India has to spend more, on medical research and spend more on establishing super speciality hospitals,so that small countries which cannot afford to establish the same can utulise the facilities in India

iv.India should increase its food production by 200-300% so that countries affected by natural calamities like floods, drought, earth quakes etc. can be assisted.

v.India should take initiative in brokering peace between warring countries or groups of coutries

vi.India should be the one which tables a large number of resolutions in UN organs like General Assembly, Security Council, specialised agencies etc.(It is taken for granted that by that time India would be a permanent member of the UN)

vii.India should spend much more on and expand its aciviies in the space, nuclear, ocean,heavy materials, renewable sources of energy, nano and emerging sciences as small countries will not be able to spend manpower and money on large projects and allow other countries to benefit from its activities in these spheres.

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BRICS

15/04/2012

There is need for a wide and intense public debate on India’s membership of various regional and other forums like BRICS. Some of the points to be debated are:

1.Whether BRICS will push up Russia and China to more prominent roles on par with that of United States in world affairs

2.Mmbership of fora like BRICS diverts attention from bing focussed on other imprtant and urgent issues

3.There is not much comonality of interests between India and some other BRICS members. Increasing gold prices benefit Soth Africa,Russia and China who are major prodcers while it badly affects India, which is a large importer.

4. Increae in oil prices is against India’s interests, but to be on the other side of US,Russia and China often take positions fabourable to oil exporting Arab countries.

5.Rupee trade agreements were in practice decades ago between India and countries like East European contries, Egypt. India does not have to be member of BRICS to practic it again and with any country to increase trade

6. Extending more credit in Indian Rupees to developing contries will lead to increase in India’s exorts.

7.. To increase exports and also imports, India should become a trading nation like Singapore, UAE,Hong Kong etc.to emerge as one of the top 5 importers/exprters. Indian Missions in BRICS countries can play a larger role to forge closer relations even without the existence of BRICS forum

8.India’s inerests and concerns appear to correspond to those of US in matters like fight
against terrorism, nuclear programme of new countries, democracy, individual’s freedom, fundamental rights etc.

9.The common futures which exist between these countries may not continue in future also.