Production and yield of rice(paddy) in India and neighboring countries


Production and yield of rice(paddy) in India and neighbouring countries during the year 2014, as per Food and Agriculture Organisation(FAO) are given below.

Country area harvested(HA) Production(tonnes) yield(tonnes)

China (mainland) 30,300,870 206,507,400 6.81
Bangladesh 11,319,490 52,325,620 4.62
Myanmar 6,790,000 26,423,300 3.89
Sri Lanka 881,000 3,381,000 3.84
Bhutan 20,359 76,621 3.76
India 43,855,000 157,200,000 3,58
Nepal 1,486,951 5,047,047 3.39
Pakistan 2,890,646 7,002,832 2.42

Yield in India is just a little over half of the yield in China and much less than that of Bangladesh. The main reason for low yield is shortage of water. For increasing yield, irrigation should be increased. Government has no control over rainfall but has the capability for maximum utilization of surface and ground water. The state and central governments should immediately start work on linking rivers in the country not only for purposes of irrigation but also to manage floods.

If India’s yield of food grains is as much as that of China, world hunger could be wiped out completely.


World Hunger


The countries included in the list compiled by World Food Programme, of countries facing massive food deficit and consequent malnutrition or starvation are:

All these countries are or were engaged in civil war or civil war like situation. The second striking point is that  these countries, except Nepal, Zimbabwe, Haiti and Central African Republic, have high population growth rates of over 2% per year against the world average of about 1.2%. Population growth rates would have been higher in Nepal and Haiti also if there is no emigration of people from these countries to other countries. Most of  the food deficit countries in Africa have high incidence of HIV. Conversely, high rate of HIV may also be one of the reasons for food deficit.

If the hungry people in the food deficit countries are to be saved, the international community should come forward with adequate supplies of food (supplies from foreign countries could only be a temporary relief.) However, there should be a  condition that the warring groups agree to end the civil war and that the people would be educated to adopt family planning methods i.e. methods to reduce births. They should also change their social values so as to minimise the incidence of HIV.

If  the warring groups do not agree to end the civil war, UN should debate whether it would be desirable or possible to establish international civil, police and military presence to effectively suppress civil war, bring in lower growth rate of population and higher life expectancy  by reducing HIV. The international community should also ensure that the people are provided work in the irrigation and agricultural sector so that food grain production increases leading to elimination of hunger.